Autosuficiencia y Permacultura en Australia

La finca Murrnong, representa un modelo de vida sostenible creado por David Arnold, profesor y diseñador de permacultura.

Cuando hace casi 20 años David buscaba un lugar para desarrollar su diseño  permacultural, sus criterios estaban claros: “Yo me crié en el campo, en una granja de 25000 hectáreas.  Estaba acostumbrado al espacio abierto y durante mis años universitarios en Melbourne sentí que la vida en la ciudad me resultaba un tanto claustrofóbica.  Necesitaba un lugar para llevar a cabo este proyecto, un terreno donde integrar una pequeña comunidad, un lugar a pasos del pueblo, y que el terreno me permitiera almacenar agua en un pequeño embalse”.

Los terrenos destinados a la agricultura y ganadería son típicamente de 400 hectáreas por lo menos. Por suerte consiguió encontrar una finca de tan solo 8 hectáreas y, a diferencia de la mayoría de las granjas australianas, está practicamente en el pueblo. Hoy en día la finca ha pasado de ser un terreno castigado a un lugar precioso para vivir: fértil, productivo, que brinda un estilo de vida autosuficiente y sostenible y que, además, atrae wwoofers1 y toures año tras año.

Violet Town y el entorno

El pequeño pueblo de Violet Town donde se encuentra Murrnong, esté en el noroeste del estado de Victoria, en una planicie al pie de The Great Dividing Range, la gran cordillera que separa la costa Este del interior de Australia. Parte de Murrnong era una zona ribereña que se inundaba regularmente, pero más de cien años de agricultura europea en los alrededores ha dejado la tierra desnutrida y excesivamente drenada. Esto se constata en el paisaje deforestado y seco.
Al llegar a Murrnong, dejando atrás los campos desnudos, las parcelas de casas solitarias, la calle que consituye el pueblo de Violet Town con su hotel, un par de tiendas de comestibles y unos pocos establecimientos más, entras en un exuberante vergel. Por un lado están los árboles rebosantes con melocotones, manzanos, peras, ciruelas e higos para recoger en grandes cantidades. El otro lado del camino es un espeso vallado natural que separa la finca de la carretera hasta llegar al centro común; actualmente habitado por David, su familia y a menudo los wwoofers. Es una sencilla construcción con un aspecto típico australiano pero diseñada para la eficiencia energética. Esta vivienda esta ubicada en lo que en permacultura se denomina la zona 1.

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2 thoughts on “Autosuficiencia y Permacultura en Australia

  1. Dear,
    I’m a student in agronomy, I’m Switzerland.
    I made the thesis over Hazelip. The Siynergic garden.
    I made investigations of materials, paper and cardboard, and I’m forced to warn you.
    We can’t use paper and cardboard like materials to make mulching. Covercrops.
    Only organic materials like leaves and straw.
    I went to the swiss government to see phytopathologist and he says me that we can’t.
    He has forbidden.
    There are European directives that say that you can’t, you can go to prison.
    Under I explane you better.

    The paper and cardboard company, industry can’t sell paper for agriculture use

    I contacted the synergic Italian school to Hazelip Free School and I talked to the teachers of the method. They explained that paper and cardboard are not used in the original method.
    And they do not make use of this materials.
    This is the website: http://www.agricolturasinergica.it
    There are important aspects to understand about paper and cardboard, important to people’s health:

    1.European and national directives on the control of pollutants from food containers made in paper.

    The paper and the cardboard that are used to pack food suc as rice boxes, pizza boxes, cake boxes, kitchen paper with wich I can pack a sandwich, they are inside the law.

    There is a migration of chemical substances from paper to food.
    Europe has set limits on the concentration of certain chemicals and banned others.
    Only certain chemical additives can be used to make paper.
    If you go on web you find all the information, just look for the rules for making food containers.
    Prints on paper and cardboard containers for food can only be made with organic colors.
    Synthetic colors also migrate to foods and can be toxic.

    2.Recycling.

    For a short time, maybe 10 years ago, began to make recycled materials.
    Even the paper. What you see full of glittering pictures and colors.
    For example, in a corn flakes, there is paper boxes, but inside there is a plastic-packed too. The paper is toxic and very colorful.
    Synthetic colors are made with petroleum.
    For example in the newspaper, I was told by the industry that produces paper and cardboard, they using leaded black.
    There is also zinc white.
    Lead is known to everyone that it hurts health.

    If I use the newspaper the substances go in the earth, and the roots absorb it so people eat lead products.
    If you always putt on the ground the newspaper increases the lead content into the soil.

    The cardboard for the color packing that looks natural, but is 50% made from recycled materials.

    The company that produces food boxes, has to observe the law of legislation’s regulations.
    The concentretion of certain chemicals substances and also the composition.

    We can go to the prison.

    The company can’t sell cardboard to people for use in agriculture.

    If the company sells material that make danger to the health, they go to the prison.
    Cardboard made not for food use, can’t be use for food.

    If a company does so, it go to the prison because it’s a danger for people’s health.
    It can’t sell cardboard that is not for food.

    If you use the same cardboard coming from the recycle materials, you may be punished.

    With love, Sveva Heer.

    The other e_mail that I send you.

    Dear,
    I’m student in agronomy.

    I’m come from Switzerland.

    I made the thesis over Hazelip Syneric Agricolture, over the Pseudomonas fluorescens, a bacterial that lives into the soil.

    When it’s finished I send you.

    I talk with Antonio De Falco for a big problem in the world. Very big for the health.

    The covercrops can’t are journals and cardboards.

    If you want to say more you can write to Antonio De Falco.

    We can’t use the journal’s paper and cardboard.

    For the thesis I went to an cardboard’s industry and I so how they make the cardboards.

    With a lot of acids and glues.

    There are additives for make pulp. And then with the pulp they make paper.

    They put the raw materials, the trees into the water with chemical additives. The additives stay into the paper forever.

    If you go on you tube, you can see more, How make paper or cardboard’s industry. There are the videos, movies.

    We cant use that for the soil, the colors too.

    I ask to the people into the cardboard’s industry, and they say me the the colors come from petroleum. It’s danger for the health.

    The colors are absorbed to the plant’s roots.

    It’s poison.

    Newsprint too. Lead black. Zinc white.

    Only organic materials.

    When I finished the thesis I send you.

    I translate in inglish.

    Please could you say that at the other people?

    Only organic materials.

    I see a children in the school with paper and cardboard vegetable garden.

    It’s not possible that.

    Please help me, say to the other.

    Layer of silicon for the rain, over the cardboard. It’s very important for a good tranport.

    Molds on white sheets. There can’t be mold so substances are used.

    Clorine to whiten the paper.

    All these substances remain in the paper.

    Even those that look natural please check before using the card.

    It’s a very big problems in the world.

    With love, Sveva Heer

  2. Hola!! Soy de Colombia!! Estuve un año en República Dominicana y allí tuve la oportunidad de conocer a unos chicos permacultures!! Siempre me ha gustado buscar alternativas amigables con la naturaleza y encontré afinidad con la permacultura!! Quisiera saber si hay manera de trabajar como voluntaria en ese lugar!! Me encantaría!! Gracias!!

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